(More info about Lebanon below)
We suspected that Lebanon wasn't a country or a state in Biblically times and analyzed all the scriptures that contain the word Lebanon. And we couldn't find a single scripture that states explicitly that Lebanon was a country. It is only referred to as a region, viz.:
Ps 72:16 Let grain abound throughout the land; on the tops of the hills may it sway. Let its fruit flourish like Lebanon; NIV
Song 4:15 You are a garden fountain, a well of flowing water streaming down from Lebanon. NIV
Song 5:15 His appearance is like Lebanon, choice as its cedars. NIV
Jer 22:20 "Go up to Lebanon and cry out, let your voice be heard in Bashan, NIV.
The following seemed to hint that it was a country, but the landmark referred to, "the tower of Lebanon," could just as well have been a landmark of a region - like Mt. Hermon in the Golan, that doesn't make the Golan a country.
Song 7:4 Your nose is like the
tower of Lebanon looking toward Damascus.
(Mt. Hermon was actually part of the Lebanon region:
Josh 11:17 The Israeli territory
now extended all the way from Mount Halak, near Seir, to Baal-gad in the
valley of Lebanon, at the foot of Mount Hermon. TLB
Josh 13:2 The land of the Gebalites on the coast and all of the Lebanon mountain area from Baal-gad beneath Mount Hermon in the south to the entrance of Hamath in the north; TLB
Jer 18:14 The snow never melts high up in the Lebanon mountains. The cold, flowing streams from the crags of Mount Hermon never run dry. TLB)
There seemed to have been "Kingdom Cities" in the Lebanon, like that of king Hiram:
2 Sam 5:11 Now Hiram king of Tyre
sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons,
and they built a palace for David. NIV
It seemed, nevertheless that Israelites also lived in or around this city, as we see from the criss-crossing yourney Joad and other army officers had to undertake to count the people of Israel - it shows the extent to which the Israelites had settled throughout the Promised land:
2 Sam 24:4 But the king's command overcame Joab's remonstrance; so Joab and the other army officers went out to count the people of Israel. 5 First they crossed the Jordan and camped at Aroer, south of the city that lies in the middle of the valley of Gad, near Jazer; 6 then they went to Gilead in the land of Tahtim-hodshi and to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon; 7 and then to the stronghold of Tyre, and all the cities of the Hivites and Canaanites, and south to Judah as far as Beersheba. 8 Having gone through the entire land, they completed their task in nine months and twenty days. 9 And Joab reported the number of the people to the king-800,000 men of conscription age in Israel and 500,000 in Judah. TLB
The Lebanon was Promised to Israel
Deut 1:5 East of the Jordan in the territory of Moab, Moses began to expound this law, saying: 6 The LORD our God said to us at Horeb, "You have stayed long enough at this mountain. 7 Break camp and advance into the hill country of the Amorites; go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah, in the mountains, in the western foothills, in the Negev and along the coast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great river, the Euphrates. 8 See, I have given you this land. Go in and take possession of the land that the LORD swore he would give to your fathers--to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob--and to their descendants after them." NIV
Deut 3:23 At that time I pleaded with the LORD: 24 "O Sovereign LORD, you have begun to show to your servant your greatness and your strong hand. For what god is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works you do? 25 Let me go over and see the good land beyond the Jordan--that fine hill country and Lebanon." NIV
Josh 1:3 as I promised Moses.
4 Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great
river, the Euphrates-all the Hittite country-to the Great Sea on the west.
Josh 9:1 When the kings of the surrounding area heard what had happened to Jericho, they quickly combined their armies to fight for their lives against Joshua and the Israelis. These were the kings of the nations west of the Jordan River, along the shores of the Mediterranean as far north as the Lebanon mountains-the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. TLB
Josh 11:16 So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country, all the Negev, the whole region of Goshen, the western foothills, the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills, 17 from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir, to Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and struck them down, putting them to death. NIV
Josh 13:2 "This is the land that remains: all the regions of the Philistines and Geshurites: 3 from the Shihor River on the east of Egypt to the territory of Ekron on the north, all of it counted as Canaanite (the territory of the five Philistine rulers in Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath and Ekron-that of the Avvites); 4 from the south, all the land of the Canaanites, from Arah of the Sidonians as far as Aphek, the region of the Amorites, 5 the area of the Gebalites; and all Lebanon to the east, from Baal Gad below Mount Hermon to Lebo Hamath.
6 "As for all the inhabitants of the mountain regions from Lebanon to Misrephoth Maim, that is, all the Sidonians, I myself will drive them out before the Israelites. Be sure to allocate this land to Israel for an inheritance, as I have instructed you, NIV
Judg 3:3 the five rulers of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon to Lebo Hamath. NIV
1 Kings 4:33 He [Solomon] described plant life, from the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of walls. NIV
1 Kings 5:1 When Hiram king
of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king ... 5 I intend, therefore,
to build a temple for the Name of the LORD my God, ... 6
"So give orders that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me. My men will work with yours, and I will pay you for your men whatever wages you set. ...9 My [Hiram's] men will haul them down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will float them in rafts by sea to the place you specify. NIV
1 Kings 7:2 he built the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon NIV
Hos 14:5 Like a cedar of Lebanon he will send down his roots; NIV.
The Significance of Lebanon to king Solomon
1 Kings 9:17 And Solomon rebuilt Gezer. He built up Lower Beth Horon, 18 Baalath, and Tadmor in the desert, within his land, 19 as well as all his store cities and the towns for his chariots and for his horses-whatever he desired to build in Jerusalem, in Lebanon and throughout all the territory he ruled. NIV.
The Lebanon in Allegory
Ps 29:5 the LORD breaks in pieces the cedars of Lebanon. 6 He makes Lebanon skip like a calf, Sirion like a young wild ox. NIV
Isa 10:31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of the Daughter of Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem. 33 See, the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One. NIV (Trees are people and where they grow is an area, viz. Lebanon
Isa 14:8 Even the pine trees and the cedars of Lebanon exult over you and say, "Now that you have been laid low, no woodsman comes to cut us down." NIV
Isa 29:16 You turn things upside down, as if the potter were thought to be like the clay! Shall what is formed say to him who formed it, "He did not make me"? Can the pot say of the potter, "He knows nothing"?
17 In a very short time, will not Lebanon be turned into a fertile field and the fertile field seem like a forest? 18 In that day the deaf will hear the words of the scroll, NIV
Isa 35:2 The glory of Lebanon will be given to it, the splendor of Carmel and Sharon; they will see the glory of the LORD, the splendor of our God. NIV
Isa 40:16 Lebanon is not sufficient for altar fires, nor its animals enough for burnt offerings. NIV
Ezek 17:1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 "Son of man, set forth an allegory and tell the house of Israel a parable. 3 Say to them, 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: A great eagle with powerful wings, long feathers and full plumage of varied colors came to Lebanon. Taking hold of the top of a cedar, 4 he broke off its topmost shoot and carried it away to a land of merchants, where he planted it in a city of traders. NIV.
Rich Symbolism of the Lebanon Region
In our day: Lebanon will be destroyed
and the returnining Jews will be settled in it.
This unwise counsel to Barak was, nevertheless most probably the God of Israel's doing since it has mobilized Hisballah on the border, threatening Israel with about 12,000 missiles together with Syria and their missiles that will force Israel to destroy them should they start firing these missiles - as in Isaiah 17, that will restore these areas to Israel for settlement of returning Jews
More info about Lebanon
The non-oil Arab countries, such as Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Egypt, will benefit from the spillover effect of strong economic growth in the Gulf countries. JORDAN TIMES 30 May '04: "A new era of higher oil prices should reflect positively on the economies of the region" By Henry T. Azzam -- Chief Executive Officer of Jordinvest.
[Zionsake Editor: In spite of a massive increase in the price of oil since then, we haven't seen a "spillover" benefitting any of these countries due to their internal instability and a lack of innovation.]
Syria Using Natural GAS To Strengthen Control Over Lebanon. 7 June 2002 Exports not only will provide Damascus with much-needed cash but also will fortify Syria's hold over Lebanon. Syria will profit in more ways than one from energy exports to Lebanon. http://www.stratfor.com/standard/analysis_view.php?ID=204765
The odd couple: Israel and Russia challenge OPEC [Within Palestinian Range] Pipeline becomes vital artery for shipments to far east markets Moscow seeks to supplant Riyadh as world's top supplier and 'Tipline' across Jewish state fits into that plan Ed Blanche Special to The Daily Star 18 February 2004 http://www.dailystar.com.lb/business/18_02_04_g.asp
IMRA Commentary: The loading point of the pipeline is already within range of the Qassam rockets that the Palestinians have developed. If and when Prime Minister Sharon's retreat is executed, the Palestinians will be able to easily import longer range missiles to put the Ashdod port under the same threat that Israel's other main port, Haifa, faces from the 12,000 missiles in South Lebanon - all formidable threats that will deter Israel from taking action to prevent an IDF-free Gaza Strip from developing even greater threats against the Jewish state (and even preventing Israel from responding to attacks).]
February - May, 1995 - Barak and the Americans sabotage Peres's election campaign through a combination of deliberate incompetence, suicide bombers and a mini-war in Lebanon which cost Peres the Arab vote. Peres loses and millions of dollars are funnelled to Barak's successful campaign to take over the leadership of the Labor Party. The price was Netanyahu's victory and immediately a campaign of scandal mongering begins to force him from power. Netanyahu survives the scandals, and freezes the Golan withdrawal, until the Americans invest their money and talents to assuring Barak's election in May, 1999. SECRETS OF THE GOLAN. Barry Chamish 24 December 2004 http://thetruthonly.narod.ru/Barry_Golan_01.htm
Return of Golan Puts Sea of Galilee in Grave Danger of Pollution. By Zvi Lavi (Water Researcher) Globes, December 22, 1999
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